Accessibility — The ability for a product or service to be reachable, usable, and easy to use by
everyone, including people with disabilities.
Alt Text / Alternative Text — A phrase that describes an informational image for users who are unable to see
the image, such as blind or low vision users, and users with limited broadband connection
or accessing content from a browser that blocks images. Assistive technology (AT)
such as screen reader software will read the alternative text to the user.
Assistive Technology (AT)— A product, tool, or piece of software that is used by people with disabilities to
maintain and/or enhance their day-to-day activities. Examples of AT are hearing aids, screen
readers, refreshable braille displays, tactile keyboards, mouth sticks, head wands,
and text to speech software.
Captions — Three contexts: 1. Captions are the text representation of the speech and other
sounds on a video, also called CC for Closed Caption. They can make audio content
in videos accessible to people who are deaf or hard of hearing. 2. Tables on websites need
titles, these are referred to as captions by HTML. 3. Figure captions are text usually
below an image that provides further context, explains the image, or cites the source.
HTML / Hypertext Markup Language — The standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.
It can be assisted by technologies such as Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and scripting
or from local storage and render the documents into multimedia web pages. HTML describes
the structure of a web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance
of the document.†
Keyboard Navigation — The ability of a person to navigate a web site with a keyboard, and without the
use of a mouse, trackpad, pointer, or other directional device that utilizes a cursor.
This is an important feature of a document or web site because some people have visual
and mobility disabilities which prevent their usage of such directional devices.
Meaningful Hyperlinks — In computing, a hyperlink, or simply a link, is a reference to data that the user
can follow by clicking or tapping. A hyperlink points to a whole document or to a
specific element within a document. The text that is linked from is called anchor
text.† The anchor text is "meaningful" when it contains a brief phrase of description
of the target document or element.
Quality Matters — Quality Mattersis a global organization providing quality assurance in online instruction. QM provides
a rubric of course design standards and create a replicable peer-review process that
would train and empower faculty to evaluate courses against these standards, provide
guidance for improving the quality of courses, and certify the quality of online and
blended college courses across institutions.*
Screen Reader — This is a piece of assistive technology (AT) software used by blind or low vision
people to access, read, and interact with digital content.
Simulated Lists — Lists in a document, such as "unordered" bulleted lists or "ordered" numbered lists,
assist navigation for users of screen readers. In order for a screen reader to make
sure of a list, it must be properly formatted using HTML or the list functionalities
in Microsoft Office or Canvas. For more information seeour page on lists.
Subtitles — Subtitles are textual translations of the speech in a video to different languages,
sometimes used interchangeably to mean caption, though they differ, especially in
description of sounds, such as bangs, clapping, and laughter.
Tags / Tagging — HTML elements are delineated bytags, written using angle brackets. Tags such as <img /> and <input /> directly introduce
content into a web page. Other tags such as <p> surround and provide information about
document text and may include other tags as sub-elements. Web browsers, such as Google
Chrome, Apple Safari, and Mozilla Firefox, do not display the HTML tags, but use them
to interpret the content of the page.†
Transcript — Transcripts are written records of spoken language.† In the context of higher education,
they are textual documents (e.g., LMS web pages or document files) which contain verbatim
text which matches the audio delivered in an audio or video lecture.
W3C / World Wide Web Consortium — TheWorld Wide Web Consortium (W3C)is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web. Founded in
1994, the consortium is made up of member organizations that maintain full-time staff
working together in the development of standards for the World Wide Web. W3C also
engages in education and outreach, develops software and serves as an open forum for
discussion about the Web.†
WCAG / Web Content Accessibility Guidelines — TheWeb Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)are part of a series of web accessibility guidelines published by the Web Accessibility
Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the main international standards
organization for the Internet. They are a set of recommendations for making Web content
more accessible, primarily for people with disabilities—but also for all user agents,
including highly limited devices, such as mobile phones. WCAG 2.0, were published
in December 2008 and became an ISO standard, ISO/IEC 40500:2012 in October 2012. WCAG
2.1 became a W3C Recommendation in June 2018.†